I am a science and technology policy analyst at Ingenio (CSIC-UPV, València), visiting professor at the Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS) of Leiden University and associate faculty at SPRU (Univ. Sussex, Brighton), where I worked from 2004 to 2012. I am part of Ingenio's Evaluation and Medical Innovation groups. My research considers the role of S&T indicators in science policy, addressing some of the challenges posed in The Leiden Manifesto. In particular, I investigate how to make a more plural and inclusive use of S&T indicators for informing evaluation, funding and research strategies. My two main research topics are:

1) Inclusive metrics: The increasing use of indicators in research management and policy may undermine fields, regions or topics that a poorly covered or described by current research metrics. I study how indicators are biased and the potential effects of biases, for example in issues such as interdisciplinary research, local knowledge and agriculture (rice) or in some countries. I am also working mixed-methods to capture the societal contributions of research, e.g. in translational research.

2) Research portfolios: There is a growing perception of a misalignment between science ‘supply’ and societal ‘needs’. In order to facilitate deliberation on research prioritization, I am developing methods to interrogate the research landscapes or portfolios for grand challenges such as bird flu or obesity, the knowledge base of funding agencies and organisations such as universities or pharmaceutical firms.

I have also worked on the characterization of nanotechnology, global science mapping and measures of interdisciplinary research.

My publications are available via green open access, in Google Scholar's profile or in this publication list. Full CV

I serve as Editorial Advisor in the journals Research EvaluationScientometrics and Journal of Informetrics, and participate in the conference committees of science policy conferences such as Atlanta Science Policy, ENID or Eu-SPRI. I have led projects for the UK Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC, ~€0.5M), US National Science Foundation (with A. Porter, ~$800k), and have been awarded the fellowships Marie Curie (EC, IntraEuropean, 2006-08, and Integration, 2013-2017), Ramón y Cajal (Spain, 2012-2017) and Monbukagakusho (Japan, 1995-2001).  

I have conducted consultancies for Technopolis (EC project on Monitoring of Responsible Research and Innovation), the UK’s Royal Commission on Environmental Protection (Nanomaterials governance), SRI (Measuring interdisciplinarity), the OECD Working Party of Nanotechnologies (Mapping the knowledge base) and JETRO (Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, METI; Policies for biotechnology in Europe).

I received an MSc in Science and Technology Policy from SPRU (Sussex), a BSc in Physics from the Univ. Barcelona, a PhD in biophysics from Tohoku University (Sendai, Japan) and was a postdoc in nanobiotechnology at Cornell University in 2001. In between academic positions, I have worked on international cooperation in Oxfam (1994) and the City Council of Barcelona (2003-04).



  1. Tommaso Ciarli, Ismael Ràfols
    Research Policy,
    Vol: 48 - pags 949 - 967
  2. Frédérique Bone, Michael M. Hopkins, Ismael Ràfols, Jordi Molas-Gallart, Puay Tang, Gail Davey, Antony M. Carr
    SPRU Working Paper Series,
    Vol: - pags 1 - 31


  1. Ismael Ràfols, Llorenç Arguimbau
    BiD: textos universitaris de biblioteconomia i documentació,
    Vol: - pags 1 - 4
  2. Nicolás Robinson-García, Thed N van Leeuwen, Ismael Ràfols
    Science and Public Policy,
    Vol: 45 - pags 815 - 826
  3. Jordi Molas-Gallart, Ismael Ràfols
    BiD: textos universitaris de biblioteconomia i documentació,
    Vol: - pags 1 - 8
  4. Matthew L.Wallace, Ismael Ràfols
    Research Policy,
    Vol: 47 - pags 1 975 - 1 989
  5. Diego Chavarro, Ismael Rafols, Puay Tang
    Research Evaluation,
    Vol: - pags -


  1. Luciano Kay, Alan L Porter, Jan Youtie, Nils Newman, Ismael Ràfols
    In Current Challenges in Patent Information Retrieval (Mihai Lupu, Katja Mayer, Noriko Kando, Anthony J. Trippe (editors)) - Springer
  2. Stephen Carley, Alan L. Porter, Ismael Rafols, Loet Leydesdorff
    Journal of Data and Information Science,
    Vol: 2 - pags 68 - 111
  3. Lorenzo Cassi, Agénor Lahatte, Ismael Rafols, Pierre Sautier, Élisabeth de Turckheim
    Journal of Informetrics,
    Vol: 11 - pags 1 095 - 1 113
  4. Diego Chavarro, Puay Tang, Ismael Rafols
    Research Policy,
    Vol: 46 - pags 1 666 - 1 680
  5. Katri Huutoniemi, Ismael Rafols
    In The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity (Robert Frodeman) - Oxford University Press
  6. Daniele Rotolo, Ismael Rafols, Michael M Hopkins, Loet Leydesdorff
    Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology,
    Vol: 68 - pags 214 - 233


  1. Jordi Molas-Gallart, Pablo D’Este, Oscar Llopis, Ismael Rafols
    Research Evaluation,
    Vol: 25 - pags 235 - 243


  1. Diana Hicks, Paul Wouters, Ludo Waltman, Sarah de Rijcke & Ismael Rafols
    Vol: 520 - pags 429 - 431
  2. Matthew L. Wallace and Ismael Rafols
    Vol: 53 - pags 89 - 115


  1. Rafols, I.; Hopkins, M.M.; Hoekman, J.; Siepel, J.; O'Hare, A.; Perianes-Rodríguez, A.; Nightingale, P.
    Technological Forecasting and Social Change,
    Vol: 81 - pags 22 - 38
  2. Diego Chavarro, Puay Tang, and Ismael Rafols
    Research Evaluation,
    Vol: 23 - pags 195 - 209
  3. Jordi Molas-Gallart, Ismael Rafols, Puay Tang
    Journal of Science Policy and Research Management,
    Vol: 29 - pags 69 - 89


  1. Rafols, I., Leydesdorff, L., O’Hare, A., Nightingale, P. and Stirling, A.
    Research Policy,
    Vol: - pags -
  1.   Towards an alternative framework for the evaluation of translational research initiatives
    Jordi Molas-Gallart, Pablo D’Este, Óscar Llopis and Ismael Rafols







  1. 2019 to 2021 CSIC-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
  2. 2019 to 2023 Comisión Europea
  3. 2018 to 2020 Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad
  4. 2017 to 2018 CSIC-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
  5. 2016 to 2024 The Research Council of Norway
  6. 2014 to 2015 Universitat Politècnica de València, Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe - Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria La Fe, VLC/CAMPUS de Campus de Excelencia Internacional
  7. 2014 to 2017 Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
  8. 2013 to 2017 Unión Europea