Entrepreneurship at universities involves a number of different means to carry out knowledge transfer towards industry and society. This means require the design and implementation of adequate technology transfer policies and incentives systems. If these policies are to be successful, its design has to take into account local contextual factors. We focus on technology transfer and academic spin-off in the context of Spanish universities. While Spanish university system is rather successful in scientific production, technology transfer to industry manifests room for improvement.
Universities interactions with industry and the broader society have gained prominence in the academic and policy discourse, and knowledge exchange (KE) activities of universities are increasingly supported via dedicated government funding, investment in infrastructure and incentives for academics and HEIs.This expanding KE agenda in policy and academia and recent announcements such as the introduction of the Knowledge Exchange Framework in the UK calls for a renewed discussion about what constitutes KE, what are adequate metric