According to Schumpeter, economic development occurs through “gales of creative destruction” that lead to the emergence of new economic activities at the expense of obsolete ones. Because economic growth tends to generate social and environmental problems, more recently innovation scholars have used different concepts to explore “destructive creation” processes as well (Soete, 2011).
My research consists in investigating the link between geographical mobility and co-authorship formation and dynamics. I consider that existing literature has largely focused on the effect of mobility and collaborations on scientific productivity, but not sufficiently on the relationship between mobility and collaborations. Moreover, literature on collaboration has mainly focused on the organisation of collaborative research and the coordination of the partners involved during projects, leaving out the genesis of collaborations and partner linkage issues.
This paper investigates the relationship between the local endowment of Social Capital and the emergence of new innovative firms. Both Social Capital and entrepreneurship, indeed, can be described as coordination mechanisms acting via the mobilization of territorial resources. After drafting the importance of entrepreneurship for employment and technological production, we dedicate some effort to disambiguate the multifaceted concept of Social Capital.
El cumplimiento de la “Tercera Misión” ha llevado a las universidades a convertirse en un actor clave en el desarrollo social y económico en sus regiones de influencia; evidenciado en una relación mucho más estrecha con diferentes agentes de su entorno y sus necesidades; esto ha permitido mejorar la competitividad y la creación de riqueza en sus regiones de influencia. La dinámica de estas relaciones ha promovido el desarrollo de políticas públicas, por parte de los agentes gubernamentales, para su fomento y dinamización y las han constituido en objeto de interés para investigadores.
Mediterranean University of Reggio Calabria (Italy)
The aim of this paper is to provide an empirical test of the impact of competition in procurement to reduce the effects of ‘environmental’ corruption. For this purpose, the paper examines whether competition is able to constrain the waste effects of corruption in the area where the public work is localised. We develop prior literature on the effects of corruption on infrastructure provision assessing whether more competition matters in constraining ’environmental’ corruption. For this purpose, a two-stage analysis is carried out.
Centre of African Studies. University of Edinburgh.
As part of the logistical infrastructure of the global economy, the political geographies of ports has received increasing attention. And indeed, old questions about economic infrastructure and political power are raised anew. However, in critical security studies, common transnational practices of securing and securitizing ports have been overemphasized. This paper uses controversies around African ports to dig deeper. To counter the emphasis on seemingly all-encompassing governmental practices, we look at technologies of governance through the lens of controversies.
This talk examines the phenomenon of predatory publishers and journals and the threats they pose to researchers, to research, and to scholarly communication. The speaker will also describe his work identifying predatory publishers, an effort that lasted from 2012 to early 2017. Selectivity in scholarly publishing is disappearing and peer review is failing. Consequently, anyone — including a promoter of pseudo-science — can augment his CV and earn academic credit, thanks to predatory publishers and predatory conference organizers.
Research on innovation has helped to shed light on how firms and other organisations establish networks that allow them to share knowledge and generate new ideas. However relatively less attention has been paid to the internal dynamics within firms, particularly the interaction between different specialisations and knowledge bases. This is particularly true in the context of post-Fordist theoretical approaches, which tend to assume that specialisation, rather than diversification, is the key to innovation.
This presentation investigates university research governance in relation to demands from national research policies. Specifically, it studies the scientific journal system in Colombia –SJSC-, which is used as an incentive to promote knowledge production and dissemination. Journal systems are used in R&D evaluation (Shapira & Kuhlmann, 2003), and performance appraisals (Binswanger, 2015). These systems are affected by international and national demands that produce tensions in the governance of research.
Cooperatives (coops) play an important role in both economic and social development. Since the nineteenth century, coops have been providing goods and services to their members, but potentially also other customers and suppliers. But nowadays, coops face big challenges, coops address responding to the society needs and market failures. At the same time, they are solving problems for customers, members and society in innovative ways.
Global Public Health Unit, University of Edinburgh
There is, according to a much debated recent paper, ‘a perfect storm’ gathering around the concept of ‘evidence-based policy’ (EBP), ‘generated by the insurgence of several concurrent crises’ (Saltelli and Giampietro, 2015: p1). This includes growing public distrust in science and academic expertise following the failings of mainstream economics that were highlighted by the 2008 global economic crisis, as well as broader indicators of public dissatisfaction with traditional policy elites.
Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai Japan
Scientific evidence is used in courts of law as a basis of judgment because of its independence of the parties in conflict. I will show the inevitable, fundamental conflict between the fair treatment of scientific evidence and the adversarial system by citing a case study on the protocol of cross-examination (2008) in which the authors were an expert witness (T.H.) in a court case concerning the effects of electromagnetic fields on health. After the examination in chief, the defendant’s attorney attempted to fabricate a scientific fact by asking T.H.