Las decisiones sobre gestión medioambiental son la causa de grandes debates y profundos desacuerdos. La fuente subyacente de desacuerdos está en la naturaleza multi-perspectiva de la mayoría de problemas medioambientales. Las decisiones sobre gestión medioambiental tiene lugar a muchos niveles (vecinos, ciudad, estado,…) e implica a un número de actores involucrados (tales como agricultores, propietarios de tierras, empresarios, planificadores urbanos, …) que tienen diferentes intereses creados respecto a la decisión final.
The present paper seeks to elaborate an empirical analysis of the knowledge base of industrial sectors in the United States (US). Our broad objective is to distinguish sectors by looking at their repertoires of skills – that is, ability or proficiency in using and carrying out a set of tasks. In particular we set out to address these two questions:
Center for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS), University of Twente, the Netherlands
How does research create societal value? Although it seems intuitive that investing in science will drive technological and hence economic development, evidence of the efficacy of those investments is far more ambivalent about the causal link between academic research and social value creation. This presentation seeks to problematize the current innovation policy debate as missing important conceptual nuances about how valorisation processes could potentially function.
El objetivo del seminario es mostrar el estado actual del trabajo de investigación cuyo objetivo es: “ayudar a resolver el problema que se le plantea a los gestores de las OTRIS de los centros públicos de investigación cuando tienen que negociar con empresas privadas la licencia de una patente generada por investigadores de los centros públicos”.
Triple Helix Research Group, H-STAR Institute, Stanford University
This presentation introduces the concept of Triple Helix systems as an analytical construct that systematizes the key features of university-industry-government (Triple Helix) interactions into an ‘innovation system’ format defined according to systems theory as a set of components, relationships and functions.
Centre for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS), University of Twente
The scope of opportunities for researchers to change their lines of research is crucial for the performance of science systems. These changes themselves vary in terms of their impact on the field - from local changes to field-level changes (scientific innovations) and from low-cost to high-cost changes. Opportunities for changes strongly depend on formal organisations because they control many conditions of research.
Center for Technology and Society, University of Technology Berlin
Research evaluation systems – national-level evaluation procedures for the systematic periodic evaluation of university research in a country – are governance tools that have been invented three decades ago, and have been enjoying increasing popularity in higher education policy communities ever since. They can be used to legitimise the allocation of funding, to save money, or to provide universities with both the incentives and the information for improving their research.
Over thirty years ago I wrote an extended essay, The Moon and the Ghetto, concerned with the troubling question of why societies so rich and capable technologically and organizationally as to be able to land a man on the moon seemed unable to deal effectively with e.g. poverty, illiteracy, slums. I argued that, while politics was part of the reason, in many cases the problem was that our scientific knowledge and technological know-how was not sufficient to point the way to a solution.
The determinants of R&D are an important topic of industrial economics. The classical Schumpeterian hypotheses about the influence of size and market power have been complemented with the role played by industry determinants, such as demand pull, technological opportunity and appropriability, in determining R&D investments. However, R&D has always been considered as a whole, even though research and development are different activities with different purposes, knowledge bases, people and management styles.
This paper describes the methodology, characteristics and potential use of BioPat, a dataset containing patents in the field of biofuels. The innovative methodology we use aims to solve drawbacks related to how patent data are allocated and organized in international databases.
El incremento significativo de la ciencia hace necesaria información derivada del acto de publicar para analizar y evaluar los resultados de investigación de una forma exhaustiva y diferenciada. Esta información no necesita ser observada de forma unidimensional, por el contrario, los indicadores ciencimétricos deben ser capaces de proveer una respuesta compacta a las cuestiones que suscita la calidad de la investigación científica.
SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton [United Kingdom]
Our understanding of the performance of nascent businesses is greatly hampered by data limitations. In this research we exploit a unique dataset coming from customer records from Barclay’s Bank. The data source has several unique qualities which have been previously unavailable to academic researchers. First, it accurately identifies the month and year at which a business actually started trading, defined as the time at which the business generated its first sales. Second, all financial data are then available.
Innovation – doing new things in new ways – holds the potential for great benefits to humanity. In its current institutional configuration, however, those benefits go primarily to affluent consumers and countries, and very seldom to low-income households or communities. While inequality between countries is decreasing, measured by average incomes, inequality within countries is increasing, and the global level of inequality at household level is barely changing. Could innovation be directed to inclusive development?
OFCE-SciencePo (Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques)
This presentation is based on a paper that carries out a comprehensive analysis of renewable energy innovations considering four mechanisms suggested by innovation models: 1. policy-inducement; 2. market structure; 3. demand and social cohesion-mainly proxied by income inequality; 4. characteristics of country knowledge base.
Institut Francilien Recherche Innovation Société (IFRIS)
This presentation is based on a paper that tackles the conflict born out of the dual requirements of academic excellence and professional relevance that business schools have to contend with due to their dual quest for legitimacy: academic legitimacy on the one hand evaluated by peers and based on self-developed criteria of “excellence”; and professional legitimacy which is evaluated exogenously based on the relevance of the diplomas awarded to the commercial and business world.
In light of the increasing importance of social innovation, this study looks at the theoretical concepts, areas of empirical research and observable trends in the field of social innovation. This trend study starts with an overview of the current situation and the perspectives of socio-scientific innovation research that have greatly contributed to the development and spread of an enlightened socio-scientific understanding of innovation.