A variety of theoretical explanations have been forwarded to explain women’s consistent under-representation in academic scientific disciplines, and each has generated empirical evidence that support hypothesized dynamics.
SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton [United Kingdom]
The study builds on and contributes to understanding how latecomer producers can catch up with their frontier leaders in the industry of mobile handsets. While the topic 'catch-up by latecomers' is by now a familiar one in the literature, this study focuses on 'getting in the game' rather than 'getting to the top of the game', so-called transition to a frontier. Starting from scratch, two of Korean mobile handset makers, Samsung and LG Electronics, have become the second and third biggest players behind Nokia as of 2009.
We study collaborative and non-collaborative projects that are supported by government grants. First, we propose a theoretical framework to analyze optimal decisions in these projects. Second, we test our hypotheses with a unique dataset containing academic publications and research funds for all the academics at the major engineering departments in the UK. We find that the type of the project (measured by its level of appliedness) is increasing in the type of both the university and firm partners.
The present paper discusses at length different aspects related to the ex-post effect assessment of R&D and innovation (RDI) policies. The main objective is that of providing the reader with a detailed discussion of theelements needed to design suitably ex-post evaluation. It is done by providing a (comprehensive) “conceptualframework” where agents’ behaviors, factors affecting their decisions and quantitative (econometric) methods for impact evaluation are presented and discussed in depth.
The literature has pointed to different causes to explain the productivity gap between Europe and United States in the last decades. This paper tests the hypothesis that the lower European productivity performance in comparison with the US can be explained not only by a lower level of corporate R&D investment, but also by a lower capacity to translate R&D investment into productivity gains.
The objective of this seminar is to explore the connection between two quite different strands of economic thought, namely the Schumpeterian-evolutionary theory of innovation and competition and the classical-Sraffian theory of prices and distribution. The treatment of innovation is unavoidably complicated in both perspectives. Economies that experience innovation are by definition in transitional states; their industries are populations of firms distinguished by different methods of production, industries that are engaged in a process of adapting to the prospects generated by innovation.
Innovation is currently seen as a cornerstone not only for economic development but also as an intrinsic human activity that could help to face the great challenges of human kind. Differences on innovation performance across sectors and countries give a variated landscape to the industrial structure and growth rates. Given the importance of innovation in the new European 2020 Strategy, measuring progress but also monitoring what drives innovation becomes crucial for policy development.
El objetivo de la conferencia será, en primer lugar, presentar algunas conclusiones de una investigación publicada en el 2010, titulada “El papel de la innovación en un nuevo modelo económico español”. Dichas conclusiones justifican un nuevo proyecto en curso, cuyos objetivos y resultados hasta la fecha se presentarán en segundo lugar. Este proyecto pretende mejorar la capacidad de financiación de la innovación en las PYMES, a través de una herramienta que permite elaborar, de manera sistemática y auditable, información sobre sus intangibles y capital intelectual.
PharmaMar es una compañía de biotecnología líder en el descubrimiento y desarrollo de fármacos de origen marino, fundada en 1986. Su fundador nos contará su experiencia innovadora a lo largo de estos 25 años.
This paper offers some insights into scientific collaboration (SC) at the regional level by drawing upon two lines of inquiry. The first involves examining the spatial patterns of university SC across the EU-15 (all countries belonging to the European Union between 1995 and 2004).
Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Entry into foreign markets is a key decision in the growth strategy of modern firms. This paper addresses the problem of the drivers of internationalization and studies the link between international expansion, industrial diversification and related firm characteristics. To capture salient aspects of knowledge-based competitive processes and to redress imbalances in the scholarly attention given to services and to manufacturing sectors, we focus on professional service firms (PSFs), one of the most innovative and dynamic components of advanced economies.
Objeto de estudio: Nuestro objeto de estudio es la conexión entre la movilidad internacional de los investigadores y la formación y evolución de sus redes de colaboración científica. En adelante, llamaremos a esta interrelación el fenómeno MR o la conexión MR (“M” de movilidad y “R” de redes).
Motivaciones: El estudio de la conexión MR fue motivado por la percepción de los siguientes hechos:
This presentation is based on a paper that provides empirical evidence on the relationship between indicators of competitive pressure and innovation incentives using panel data of Spanish manufacturing firms for the period 1990‐2006. Instead of using standard indicators of competition, such as market concentration measures or firms’ price costs margins, we analyze a number of indicators of competitive pressure directly related to the demand and cost conditions faced by firms. We consider the likely different incentives fac
This presentation highlights some of the findings from projects studying how international scientific mobility affects dynamics of life science research in China and Argentina. The main focus lies on bibliometric studies of the relationship between mobility, international collaboration as well as career progression (in the case of Argentina). These studies show some of the effects of the scientific social capital which researchers build up during foreign work experience.