Head of the "Knowledge for Growth" Unit of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
There is a large body of evidence confirming that investment in R&D leads to long-term increases of GDP and employment levels and there is a positive impact of corporate R&D on company productivity and market growth.
Los análisis de cienciometría producen información útil para la comprensión de determinadas pautas o tendencias de la actividad investigadora. La tecnología “Tech Mining” es nuestra propuesta para combinar la útil bibliometría de sobremesa con herramientas de minería de textos para extraer información de diversas bases de datos. Tech Mining permite al usuario seleccionar objetivos de análisis muy específicos para abordar cuestiones relativas a las dinámicas de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (CTI).
Our work intends to verify the impact of geographical proximity on the processes of knowledge acquisition and exploitation by high-tech start-ups, considering at the same time the role of both the social and cognitive dimensions of proximity. Our basic assumption is that proximity means a lot more than just geography.
In recent years there has been renewed interest upon the analysis of the direction of technological change and its effects on the actual efficiency of production processes after the introduction of non-neutral technological changes. The empirical evidence shows that significant changes in the distribution of revenue across production factors have been taking place in the last thirty years in the major OECD economies; specifically in many countries the share of labor has diminished while the share of capital has increased.
The presentation discusses the strength and weaknesses of the so-called linear model (LM) of innovation. It is a reaction to the habit of criticising it as over simplistic, mechanistic, or simply blatantly wrong. I argue that, while some criticisms are of course well grounded, many others are instead based on loose interpretations and unwarranted assumptions.
The analysis of clusters has attracted considerable interest over the last few decades. The articulation of clusters into complex networks and systems of innovation - generally known as regional innovation systems - has, in particular, been associated with the delivery of greater innovation and growth. However, despite the growing economic and policy relevance of clusters, little systematic research has been conducted into their association with other factors promoting innovation and economic growth.
Recent trends in the use of the Internet suggest that user-produced content (blogs, Facebook pages, YouTube, and many other forms) is engaging a growing amount of user effort and also user attention. The history of the media industries has involved important audience displacement effects -- e.g. television had major impacts on magazines by diverting audience. New media have also had more direct competitive effects -- e.g.