SPRU, University of Sussex, Brighton [United Kingdom]
Over recent years, the interrelationships between technology and industrial location behaviour have come to be seen as essential features of regional development. Much research and policy-thinking has been devoted to understanding the factors explaining why particular types of technologies appear to thrive in particular localities, and how this affects local economic growth. Lessons are often drawn from observations of particularly successful ‘innovative’ regions as a means of re-modelling both industrial and regional policy.
Evolutionary and neoclassic economics are at antipodes regarding the “catching-up” of less developed territories: the former maintain that it’s variable and depends on institutions; the latter say that it’s unavoidable and territories converge. In the evolutionary tradition, Pérez and Soete (1988) state that “catching-up” is easier in the initial stage of new technologies. This presentation will analyze these different hypotheses in the fields of biotechnology and nanotechnology with data from emerging countries.
In this presentation the author will firstly define what KT can be considered to include within the university setting and then try to identify what differentiates KT from the teaching and research functions. Once accepted that KT is in itself a professional activity to be carried out by experts but with different drivers to teaching and research then a case can be made for special governance arrangements. Various models of governance and management ranging from the for-profit plc to a unit within central services of a university will be considered.
The field of science policy and innovation studies (SPIS) is now approximately 50 years old. From humble beginnings involving just a handful of researchers in late 1950s, it has grown to become a significant field of intellectual activity involving several thousand researchers. Some of its contributions have had a major impact on neighbouring social science disciplines as well as on policy or management practice.