The role of organisational diversity and proximity for innovation in peripheral regions of Spain and Portugal

Jueves, 9 Marzo 2017 - 12:00
Pedro Ferreira Marques

Research on innovation has helped to shed light on how firms and other organisations establish networks that allow them to share knowledge and generate new ideas. However relatively less attention has been paid to the internal dynamics within firms, particularly the interaction between different specialisations and knowledge bases. This is particularly true in the context of post-Fordist theoretical approaches, which tend to assume that specialisation, rather than diversification, is the key to innovation.

Governance of research at university: the response to demands in the context of the Scientific Journals System in Colombia (SJSC)

Jueves, 2 Marzo 2017 - 12:00
Maria Alejandra Tejada Gómez
Twente University

This presentation investigates university research governance in relation to demands from national research policies. Specifically, it studies the scientific journal system in Colombia –SJSC-, which is used as an incentive to promote knowledge production and dissemination. Journal systems are used in R&D evaluation (Shapira & Kuhlmann, 2003), and performance appraisals (Binswanger, 2015). These systems are affected by international and national demands that produce tensions in the governance of research.

Interfirm Cooperative: Organizational Form as an Enabler of SMEs’ in Exploration and Exploitation Activities

Martes, 28 Febrero 2017 - 12:00
Andrés Felipe Camargo
Twente University

Cooperatives (coops) play an important role in both economic and social development. Since the nineteenth century, coops have been providing goods and services to their members, but potentially also other customers and suppliers. But nowadays, coops face big challenges, coops address responding to the society needs and market failures. At the same time, they are solving problems for customers, members and society in innovative ways.

The interplay of ideas between research and policy in public health

Jueves, 23 Febrero 2017 - 12:00
Dr. Katherine Smith
Global Public Health Unit, University of Edinburgh

There is, according to a much debated recent paper, ‘a perfect storm’ gathering around the concept of ‘evidence-based policy’ (EBP), ‘generated by the insurgence of several concurrent crises’ (Saltelli and Giampietro, 2015: p1). This includes growing public distrust in science and academic expertise following the failings of mainstream economics that were highlighted by the 2008 global economic crisis, as well as broader indicators of public dissatisfaction with traditional policy elites.

Utilizing knowledge under scientific incertitude: Lessons from law court

Martes, 7 Febrero 2017 - 12:00
Tsuyoshi HONDOU
Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai Japan

Scientific evidence is used in courts of law as a basis of judgment because of its independence of the parties in conflict.  I will show the inevitable, fundamental conflict between the fair treatment of scientific evidence and the adversarial system by citing a case study on the protocol of cross-examination (2008) in which the authors were an expert witness (T.H.) in a court case concerning the effects of electromagnetic fields on health. After the examination in chief, the defendant’s attorney attempted to fabricate a scientific fact by asking T.H.