Co-creating cross-border innovation ecosystems: Lessons from the European Institute of Innovation and Technology

Viernes, 19 Diciembre 2014 - 12:00
José Manuel Leceta

Europe has a number of world-class Universities, inventive research centers, large companies and a vibrant SME fabric. However, notwithstanding long standing support to collaborative R&D by European Union institutions and Member States, evidence shows that few young leading innovators created in the last 25 years of the 20th century have European roots, a tenth of those originated in the US. Also, taking aside defense, European citizens already invest publicly per capita more than their US citizens.

Defining social innovation: conceptual boundaries and pitfalls

Jueves, 11 Diciembre 2014 - 12:00
Mónica Edwards
INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

Despite we are living under the social innovation imperative, the definition of Social Innovation (SI) remains elusive and its description as 'buzzword' or 'quasi-concept' even questions the substance of the term. This seminar will present a study examining the conceptualization of SI over the last six decades in order to answer the following questions:

 

Development in Poland - Local and regional perspective

Jueves, 4 Diciembre 2014 - 12:00
Jacek Strojny
Faculty of Management in Rzeszow University of Technology, Rzeszow, Poland

Socio-economic development after 1989 in Poland may be regarded as a standard for the transformation of a centrally planned economy to a free-market economy. After 25 years of transition and nearly 10 years of activity in the structures of the European Union, we should consider the challenges posed by the modern global economy. These relate to a number of dimensions: cultural, political, economic, etc. The presentation is focused on the following issues:

Theory of the innovation commons

Martes, 4 Noviembre 2014 - 12:00
Jason Potts
School of Economics, Finance & Marketing, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

This seminar will be about the theory of innovation, the possibilities of innovation policy, and the prospects of self-governance solutions. Specifically, I will explore what seem to be two distinct views on 'the innovation problem' (a la Arrow 1962). The first is the standard model of market failure that is solved through government action, with its suite of policy solutions including R&D tax credits, public funding of science & research, and intellectual property.

The entrepreneurial Laureates

Jueves, 30 Octubre 2014 - 12:00
Pauline Mattsson
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm
(Pauline Mattsson and Katarina Nordqvist)
 

New policy practices for a challenge-led, broad-based model of transformative innovation. Climate-KIC Transition Cities and the reconfiguring of situated sociotechnical networks.

Martes, 28 Octubre 2014 - 12:30
1
Fred Steward
Policy Studies Institute, University of Westminster,London

The seminar addresses the implications of the European innovation policy turn toward societal challenges such as climate change.  The new challenge-led approach reframes the policy agenda compared to the traditional technology-driven model.  It is more attuned to systemic rather than singular innovation, and offers a broader definition of innovation which highlights social, organisational, and business model novelty.  It is argued that this offers a richer and realistic perspective for the radical pervasive changes needed for the transition to a low carbon soc

Forsaking Innovation: the Effect of Firm Failure on Exploratory and Exploitative Strategies

Miércoles, 22 Octubre 2014 - 12:00
Chiara Marzocchi
Manchester Institute of Innovation Research (MIoIR). The University of Manchester

(Chiara Marzocchi, Ronnie Ramlogan)

Reframing the ‘impact’ debate: understanding what defines societally usable scientific knowledge

Jueves, 16 Octubre 2014 - 12:00
Paul Benneworth
Center for Higher Education Policy Studies, University of Twente

(with Julia Olmos Peñuela & Elena Castro-Martínez)

How might higher education orient professionals towards social justice? The index of pro-public good capabiities in South Africa.

Martes, 7 Octubre 2014 - 12:00
Melanie Walker
Director of Centre for Research on Higher Education and Development (CRHED), University of the Free Sate, South Africa.

This seminar will explore a case for how university-based professional education in South Africa might contribute to the public good, in particular to poverty-reduction.
The main arguments are located within the domain of human development which recognizes that while economic well-being is necessary to human well-being, it is insufficient.In this conception of human development the focus is on improving lives and expanding choices and opportunities in a range of dimensions of life.

The influence of collaboration on firm publications: Evidence from pharmaceutical cancer research

Martes, 30 Septiembre 2014 - 12:00
Maureen Mc Kelvey
University of Gothenburg

Although bio-pharmaceutical companies engage intensely in collaboration as well as in scientific publications it is not well understood how and why the choice of distinct partner types affects the quality of companies’ scientific publications. We contribute to this gap in the existing literature by analyzing whether collaboration with particular types of partners and whether network embeddedness influences the quality of publications in cancer research, and specifically of the scientific publications of biotech and of pharmaceutical companies.

Reproducción organizativa y formación de capacidades en el cluster de la cerámica de Castellón: Génesis, Spinoffs y formación de capacidades

Jueves, 25 Septiembre 2014 - 12:30
María Lleó de Nalda
Universitat Politècnica de València. Dpto. de Organización de Empresas

¿Cuáles son los principales mecanismos que dirigen el proceso aglomeración industrial y de formación de capacidades en un territorio? La investigación acerca de la evolución espacial de la industria ha generado una tensión entre dos perspectivas diferentes aún no resuelto (i) el papel desempeñado por las economías de aglomeración y, (ii) la reproducción organizativa espacial a través de spinoffs.

Modalidades de producción de conocimiento interdisciplinario en Educación Superior (Uruguay)

Miércoles, 17 Septiembre 2014 - 12:00
Bianca Vienni
Universidad de la República (Uruguay)

Desde el año 2009, la conformación del Espacio Interdisciplinario (EI) de la Universidad de la República (UDELAR, Uruguay) tuvo, entre sus objetivos principales, promover y fortalecer las prácticas de investigación interdisciplinaria en el contexto más amplio de la Universidad.

Patterns of local R&D cooperation in foreign subsidiaries. The case of food and drink multinationals operating in Spain

Jueves, 17 Julio 2014 - 12:30
Ruth Rama
Instituto de Economía, Geografía y Demografía del CSIC

   We performed econometric analysis to identify some of the main features of food and beverages foreign subsidiaries engaged in local R&D cooperation.  The contribution of foreign subsidiaries to local networks of innovators seems to be financial and, probably, commercial rather than technical.  Foreign subsidiaries which display high R&D intensity, a large number of R&D employees or a large share of new products in turnover are not necessarily engaged in local R&D ne

Agglomerations and firm performance: is every company gaining the same?

Jueves, 10 Julio 2014 - 12:00
1
Jose Luis Hervás Oliver
Dpto. de Organización de Empresas. UPV

The study integrates economic geography literature with the strategic management strand, providing a cross-fertilization framework in order to explore the relationship between agglomerations and innovation. Competitors’ agglomerations may create benefits in forms of externalities which render extra sources of external (to the firm) knowledge. When such externalities exist, then who gains from whom? Despite an important body of research on this topic, the evidence is inconclusive and mostly based on few particular industries.

R&DCooperation of National and International firms

Jueves, 26 Junio 2014 - 12:00
Verónica Fernández Gual
Universitat Rovira i Virgili

This paper investigates the determinants of the firm’s decisions to engage R&D cooperation,differentiating between if the cooperation is with national or internationalpartners. In our analysis we compare the six types of cooperation partners: cooperationwith competitors, suppliers or customers, and institutions from Spain, andcooperation with competitors, suppliers or customers, and institutions from acountry outside Spain, looking at whether is a foreign firm or domestic firm.

Regional Human Capital and University Orientation: A case study on Spain

Jueves, 12 Junio 2014 - 12:00
Mabel Sánchez Barrioluengo
INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

This paper analyzes the determinants of human capital (HC) endowment in Spanish regions. To do so we elaborate an empirical analysis grounded in the interface of two consolidated areas of research. On the one hand is the literature on economic geography that articulates in great detail the effect of local characteristics on the performance of a regional economy. At the same time, we argue, the traditional measures of human capital in these studies mostly focus on the supply-side (i.e. total number of graduates) thus neglecting altogether the dynamics of local labour markets.

What are the factors underlying researchers’ openness to incorporate external influences in their research process?

Jueves, 12 Junio 2014 - 12:00
Julia Olmos Peñuela
INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

Ambiguity surrounding the effect of external engagement on academic research has raised questions about what motivates researchers to collaborate with third parties. This paper contributes to this debate by progressing beyond the idea that researchers engage with society simply because of direct benefits. We argue that what matters for society is research that can be absorbed by users. We define ‘openness’ as a willingness by researchers to make research more usable by external partners by responding to external influences in their own research activities.

Building TMT's Absorptive Capacity: Focusing on Transactive Memory and CEO's Tenure

Jueves, 29 Mayo 2014 - 12:00
Ana García Granero
INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

A full understanding of macro-level constructs requires a deep study of their micro-foundations or subsystems. Firm level constructs are created and shaped by lower-level psychological and behavioral mechanisms. We argue that it is necessary to clarify the influence of the CEO, the top management team (TMT) and their complementarities on TMT absorptive capacity. Through the study of 613 medium sized firms, we propose that TMT absorptive capacity could be more oriented to potential or realized absorptive capacity depending on the CEO tenure and the TMT transactive memory.

Investigating the impacts of technological positions and European environmental regulations on automotive patent activity

Jueves, 10 Abril 2014 - 12:00
Nicolò Barbieri
University of Bologna

Using patent data on 755 applicants that carry out environmental inventions related to the road transport of passengers and goods, we investigate whether the environmental transport policy portfolio and the technological positions of assignees, boost green patent production. Our findings suggest that post-taxes fuel prices and European emission standards, introduced in the empirical model through an innovative methodology, influence positively the creation of environmental inventions.

A highly cited university patent: formalisation and localisation of its diffusion

Jueves, 3 Abril 2014 - 12:00
David Barberá
INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]

The prevalent state of opinion acknowledges that contributions of universities to technological innovation should be not only spontaneous but also planned. The shift has obscured the need for further understanding of what is behind academic spillovers, and especially of the relation between localised and delocalised spillovers. A case study of one of the most cited university patents show some underlying patterns of spillovers, and of the complexity of achieving local impact.

Valoración de la actividad de las oficinas de transferencia de resultados de investigación

Jueves, 6 Marzo 2014 - 12:00
Pablo Aragonés Beltrán
INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]

El objetivo de este seminario es presentar un método de análisis del grado de alineamiento entre los objetivos establecidos por la Universidad para su OTRI y los resultados que esta oficina logra a través de las acciones que ejecuta para satisfacerlos. Se ha desarrollado el trabajo mediante el estudio del caso de la OTRI de la UPV. Para realizar el estudio se ha empleado el Proceso Analítico Jerárquico (AHP) y el Proceso Analítico en Red (ANP). La OTRI analizada presenta un alto grado de alineamiento, si bien con algunos aspectos a mejorar.

Teaching innovation to innovation novices: is rock'n'roll the answer?"

Martes, 25 Febrero 2014 - 12:00
Magnus Gulbrandsen
Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo

Given the popularity of the innovation concepts, many innovation scholars are called upon to give general lectures about innovation to practitioners and not least to students from other disciplines, students who have not actively chosen to study innovation but who take it as part of another programme. Often this is in the form of a course in "Innovation and entrepreneurship" or something similar, and the poor medical, engineering or humanities students may even have this as a compulsory course. So how can we do it?

Configuring Spaces and Flows for Rare Disease in Europe

Jueves, 20 Febrero 2014 - 12:00
Richard Woolley
INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]

The organization and delivery of improved quality of care for Rare Disease (RD) patients confronts a fundamental challenge: how to make knowledge and expertise that is itself scarce available to the sufferers of RDs in a timely and accessible manner. At the European level criteria are being developed for the designation of Centres of Expertise (CEs) and the establishment of Reference Networks (ERNs) with the objective of addressing this challenge.

Seminars 2013-2014 XII - Richard Wooley, Configuring Spaces and Flows for Rare Disease in Europe

Jueves, 20 Febrero 2014 - 12:00
Richard Wooley

The organization and delivery of improved quality of care for Rare Disease (RD) patients confronts a fundamental challenge: how to make knowledge and expertise that is itself scarce available to the sufferers of RDs in a timely and accessible manner. At the European level criteria are being developed for the designation of Centres of Expertise (CEs) and the establishment of Reference Networks (ERNs) with the objective of addressing this challenge.

Personal network analysis: methods and applications

Miércoles, 12 Febrero 2014 - 12:00
Miranda Lubbers & José Luis Molina
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

In this presentation we aim to give an overview of the field of personal network analysis. We will define personal networks, describe for which aims they are used, and describe briefly how they are being measured and what is known so far. The presentation will be illustrated with examples from our own research projects. We will pay special attention to the latest developments in the field, such as EgoNet's new features, clustered graphs, the longitudinal analysis of personal networks with RSiena, and combining egonetworks into whole networks.

The greener the better: job creation and environmentally friendly technological change

Viernes, 31 Enero 2014 - 12:00
Giovanni Marin
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy

This paper investigates the link between environment related innovation and job creation at firm level. Employing Italian data on 4,507 manufacturing firms, matched with patent records for the period 2001-2008, we test whether “green” innovation, measured using the number of environment related patents, has a positive effect on long run employment growth that is specific with respect to non environmental innovation. Results show a strong positive impact of “green” innovation on long run job creation, substantially bigger than the effect of other innovations.

¿Puede ayudar el enfoque de las capacidades para el desarrollo humano a repensar la universidad?

Martes, 28 Enero 2014 - 12:00
Alejandra Boni Aristizábal
Universitat Politècnica de València

En este seminario se abordarán los elementos centrales del enfoque de las capacidades para el desarrollo humano y las perspectivas que abre para repensar la universidad. Según esta aproximación, el objetivo de cualquier proceso de desarrollo, y de las instituciones que lo impulsan (como puede ser la universidad), es ampliar las capacidades de las personas, lo que éstas son capaces de hacer o ser.

Patent examiners amending applicants: citation-based measures of trust in a country’s technological production

Jueves, 23 Enero 2014 - 12:00
Joaquin Maria Azagra Caro
INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]

Patent citations provide a flawed measure of knowledge flows, since differences in who inserted them (applicants or examiners) may alter the results of geographical analyses. However, these differences are useful to build indicators about trust in a country’s technological production. We find huge variation in the probability of an applicant originating a citation rather than the examiner across European countries, with European Patent Office (EPO) data of over 3,500,000 citations in years 1997-2007. Lower values of this probability indicate higher trust.

Política de alta tecnología. Los distritos tecnológicos en Italia. El caso de la nanotecnología en el Véneto

Jueves, 9 Enero 2014 - 12:00
Enrique Tortajada
INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]

Ante la necesidad de desarrollar actividades de alto contenido tecnológico apoyándose en I+D de vanguardia, de acuerdo con los objetivos de la Declaración de Lisboa en el seno de UE, el gobierno italiano a través del MIUR (Ministerio de la Educación, de la Universidad y de la Investigación), a partir de los primeros años de la década del 2000, apoyó la constitución de Distritos Tecnológicos (DT) de ámbito regional distribuidos por toda la geografía italiana, con la participación necesaria de los gobiernos regionales y las principales universidades y centros de i