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Knowledge intensive industries and innovative socio-economic activities tend to cluster in cities, creative hubs and high-tech zones. This can generate territorial disparities and the need for local and regional strategies to generate learning opportunities, link to existing hubs and value chains, and build on local strengths and opportunities. INGENIO contributes to the debate on the challenges for peripheral areas in Europe, and to addressing the need for coordinated and appropriate knowledge and innovation strategies at local and regional levels

Dima Yankova and Ghinwa Moujaes, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)'s predoctoral researchers, attended to the Annual meeting for doctoral students and young researchers in Economics of Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Wick#9, organized by the students of the University of Turin.

Ghinwa Moujaes gave a presentation about the relationship between Economic Complexity and inequality. Dima Yankova spoke about regional development and R&D systems.

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The Effects of Innovation on Well-being: An Agent-based Model
14/09/2023 Fulvio Castellacci - TIK Centre, University of Oslo

Innovation affects human well-being in a complex variety of ways. The field of innovation studies has typically focused on the positive economic impacts that new technologies have on well-being through income growth and consumption dynamics, and often neglected a variety of other non-economic and negative effects. This paper presents an agent-based model (ABM) of innovation and well-being that seeks to combine economic and non-economic impacts, positive as well as negative, within a comprehensive conceptual framework.

A simple theory of economic development at the extensive industry margin
28/04/2023 Dario Diodato - Joint Research Centre of the European Commission

We revisit the well-known fact that richer countries tend to produce a larger variety of goods and analyze economic development through (export) diversification. We show that countries are more likely to enter ‘nearby’ industries, i.e., industries that require fewer new occupations. To rationalize this finding, we develop a small open economy (SOE) model of economic development at the extensive industry margin. In our model, industries differ in their input requirements of non-tradeable occupations or tasks.

Who can ‘Test. Test. Test.’? Boundary work around the scaling up of diagnostic testing in spain and the uk during the covid-19 pandemic
02/03/2023 David Barberá-Tomás - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

At the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, countries were encouraged by the World Health Organization to “Test. Test. Test.” This paper compares how healthcare systems in Spain and the UK, simultaneously facing a crisis of similar magnitude, developed diagnostic testing systems that greatly differed in their organizational boundaries. The paper shows how boundary work in each country, influenced by pre-existing institutional logics and established power structures, defined who could provide diagnostic testing during the crisis response - and very importantly - who was excluded.

Las políticas de innovación orientadas a los retos sociales. Oportunidades y desafíos para el desarrollo regional
29/09/2022 Elvira Uyarra - Alliance Manchester Business School - University of Manchester

Las políticas de innovación se han orientado recientemente hacia un planteamiento más transformador que reconoce la centralidad de la innovación para la resolución de grandes retos sociales. La idea de misiones, en particular, ha cobrado mucho protagonismo en el diseño de políticas de innovación en la Unión Europea y también en muchos de sus estados miembros. Sin embargo, la idea de misiones o políticas transformadoras plantean interrogaciones sobre su implementación, las herramientas a utilizar y, en particular, su relevancia para las políticas de cohesión territorial.

Red de Innovación Transdisciplinaria: Transformando la ciencia, innovando con el territorio. Una experiencia en la Universidad de Talca, en Chile
16/06/2022 Pablo Villalobos - Universidad de Talca

Para resolver los problemas complejos que enfrenta la sociedad, la Universidad debe transformarse en un espacio de convergencia y cocreación que facilite la interacción entre los diversos actores sociales del territorio (sociedad civil, agencias gubernamentales, sector privado y academia).

Capabilities negotiations in the Pan-African and post-pandemic university: Perspectives from student activists
09/06/2022 Carmen Martinez Vargas - University of the Free State, South Africa

In this presentation, we reflect on the process and outcomes of identifying and negotiating capabilities that are valued by diverse student activist groups in relation to their ideal university project; a Pan-African and decolonial university. Having worked with 13 activist students at one South African university since November 2021, through a Participatory Action Research project to explore what a ‘sustainable university community’ might look like for them, the paper reflects on preliminary findings.

Local knowledge anchors for green regional restructuring: The development of the bioeconomy in Lower Austria
02/06/2022 Alessio Giustolisi - Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna

In light of grand societal challenges there is an increasing awareness of the need for transformative innovation policies. So far, the literature on this topic has paid insufficient attention to the role of the regional policy level. Transformative innovation policy approaches have received critique for lacking sensitivity and attention to context-specific factors and for advocating rathe rather ‘place blind’ policies. Over the past few years, scholarly work has begun to give more attention to such policies on a regional scale.

The Creative Destruction of Artificial Intelligence: Evidence from U.S. Metropolitan Areas
28/04/2022 Dongmiao Zhang - University of Utrecht

This paper investigates the impact of artificial intelligence on the creative destruction of economic activities in U.S. metropolitan areas. We theorize that the impact of AI is unevenly distributed across regions and that its local impacts can be estimated using variation in exposure to Artificial Intelligence patents. We use a newly constructed dataset linking patents, American Community Survey and O*NET data for 2009-2019 in the U.S.. Preliminary results show that the current development of the U.S.

Transition Topology: Capturing Institutional Dynamics in Regional Development Paths to Sustainability
08/04/2022 Simone Strambach y Gesa Pflitsch - University of Marburg

Regional institutional settings significantly influence the pace and scope of sustainability transitions. However, the complex institutional dynamics underpinning 'Regional Transition Paths to Sustainability' (RTPS) are not well understood. In this seminar we will elaborate how a focus on organizational change can help to make visible hidden institutional dynamics in RTPS. Starting from this, we will introduce the method of 'Transition Topology' and illustrate its application possibilities and potentials using different empirical examples.

Presentation of the European project RISIS2
03/02/2022 François Perruchas - INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]

A presentation of the European project RISIS to which INGENIO participates. RISIS (European Research Infrastructure for Science, technology and Innovation policy Studies) aims at building a data and services infrastructure supporting the development of a new generation of analyses and indicators about Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). It provides 14 datasets about STI, services for data enhancement and analysis (e.g. geocoding, network analysis), and a portal to access and connect these datasets and services.

Exploring the role of interorganizational trust in network tie formation
09/12/2021 Dima Yankova - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

Collaborative knowledge networks represent a core building block of regional innovation systems. They are constantly evolving, driven by a wide range of both endogenous and exogenous mechanisms. A number of empirical studies have signaled that interorganizational trust may be a key determinant of network tie formation, especially during periods of high uncertainty, yet findings remain inconclusive as a result of two limitations.

Innovating but still poor: the challenges of regional development in regions with mature industries
26/11/2020 David Barberá / Pedro Marques - INGENIO (CSIC - Universitat Politècnica de València)

The persistence of patterns of decline or stagnation in developed countries has led to a renewed interest in the study of less developed regions. This renewed interest is informed by a variety of approaches, which range from studies on the unequal distribution of economic power and resources to analysis of regional endowments, such as human capital or quality of institutions. However a persistent misconception in some of this literature is that the primary factor explaining levels of development is innovation happening within firms.