Capacitats d'Innovació Territorial i d'Organització
Les creixents disparitats territorials són el resultat del baix potencial d'innovació a les regions perifèriques i les manques en les empreses localitzades en aquestes. INGENIO contribueix al debat d'aquests problemes, per a abordar situacions com l'augment de la desigualtat i la disminució dels ingressos entre una gran part de la població.
- José David Barberá Tomás
- Mª del Mar Calvet Nogués Investigadora Predoctoral
- Elena Castro Martínez
- Inanna Catalá Miguel
- Daniel Cuesta Delgado Candidato a Doctor
- Pablo D'Este
- Ignacio Fernández de Lucio
- Cristina Galiana Carballo Personal de investigación PhD doctoranda
- Gretel Gutiérrez Calderón
- Fernando Jiménez Sáez
- Sihan Li
- Pedro Marques
- Enrique Meseguer Castillo
- Ghinwa Moujaes
- Rocío Poveda Bautista
- Marta Guadalupe Rivera Ferre Profesora de Recerca
- Ingrith Dayana Rodríguez Gutiérrez
- Sergio Segura Calero Investigador Posdoctoral
- Paulina Terrazas Valdés
- Richard Woolley
- Dima Yankova
The Effects of Innovation on Well-being: An Agent-based Model14/09/2023 Fulvio Castellacci - TIK Centre, University of Oslo
Innovation affects human well-being in a complex variety of ways. The field of innovation studies has typically focused on the positive economic impacts that new technologies have on well-being through income growth and consumption dynamics, and often neglected a variety of other non-economic and negative effects. This paper presents an agent-based model (ABM) of innovation and well-being that seeks to combine economic and non-economic impacts, positive as well as negative, within a comprehensive conceptual framework.
A simple theory of economic development at the extensive industry margin28/04/2023 Dario Diodato - Joint Research Centre of the European Commission
We revisit the well-known fact that richer countries tend to produce a larger variety of goods and analyze economic development through (export) diversification. We show that countries are more likely to enter ‘nearby’ industries, i.e., industries that require fewer new occupations. To rationalize this finding, we develop a small open economy (SOE) model of economic development at the extensive industry margin. In our model, industries differ in their input requirements of non-tradeable occupations or tasks.
Who can ‘Test. Test. Test.’? Boundary work around the scaling up of diagnostic testing in spain and the uk during the covid-19 pandemic02/03/2023 David Barberá-Tomás - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)
At the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, countries were encouraged by the World Health Organization to “Test. Test. Test.” This paper compares how healthcare systems in Spain and the UK, simultaneously facing a crisis of similar magnitude, developed diagnostic testing systems that greatly differed in their organizational boundaries. The paper shows how boundary work in each country, influenced by pre-existing institutional logics and established power structures, defined who could provide diagnostic testing during the crisis response - and very importantly - who was excluded.
Las políticas de innovación orientadas a los retos sociales. Oportunidades y desafíos para el desarrollo regional29/09/2022 Elvira Uyarra - Alliance Manchester Business School - University of Manchester
Las políticas de innovación se han orientado recientemente hacia un planteamiento más transformador que reconoce la centralidad de la innovación para la resolución de grandes retos sociales. La idea de misiones, en particular, ha cobrado mucho protagonismo en el diseño de políticas de innovación en la Unión Europea y también en muchos de sus estados miembros. Sin embargo, la idea de misiones o políticas transformadoras plantean interrogaciones sobre su implementación, las herramientas a utilizar y, en particular, su relevancia para las políticas de cohesión territorial.
Red de Innovación Transdisciplinaria: Transformando la ciencia, innovando con el territorio. Una experiencia en la Universidad de Talca, en Chile16/06/2022 Pablo Villalobos - Universidad de Talca
Para resolver los problemas complejos que enfrenta la sociedad, la Universidad debe transformarse en un espacio de convergencia y cocreación que facilite la interacción entre los diversos actores sociales del territorio (sociedad civil, agencias gubernamentales, sector privado y academia).
Capabilities negotiations in the Pan-African and post-pandemic university: Perspectives from student activists09/06/2022 Carmen Martinez Vargas - University of the Free State, South Africa
In this presentation, we reflect on the process and outcomes of identifying and negotiating capabilities that are valued by diverse student activist groups in relation to their ideal university project; a Pan-African and decolonial university. Having worked with 13 activist students at one South African university since November 2021, through a Participatory Action Research project to explore what a ‘sustainable university community’ might look like for them, the paper reflects on preliminary findings.
Local knowledge anchors for green regional restructuring: The development of the bioeconomy in Lower Austria02/06/2022 Alessio Giustolisi - Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna
In light of grand societal challenges there is an increasing awareness of the need for transformative innovation policies. So far, the literature on this topic has paid insufficient attention to the role of the regional policy level. Transformative innovation policy approaches have received critique for lacking sensitivity and attention to context-specific factors and for advocating rathe rather ‘place blind’ policies. Over the past few years, scholarly work has begun to give more attention to such policies on a regional scale.
The Creative Destruction of Artificial Intelligence: Evidence from U.S. Metropolitan Areas28/04/2022 Dongmiao Zhang - University of Utrecht
This paper investigates the impact of artificial intelligence on the creative destruction of economic activities in U.S. metropolitan areas. We theorize that the impact of AI is unevenly distributed across regions and that its local impacts can be estimated using variation in exposure to Artificial Intelligence patents. We use a newly constructed dataset linking patents, American Community Survey and O*NET data for 2009-2019 in the U.S.. Preliminary results show that the current development of the U.S.
Transition Topology: Capturing Institutional Dynamics in Regional Development Paths to Sustainability08/04/2022 Simone Strambach y Gesa Pflitsch - University of Marburg
Regional institutional settings significantly influence the pace and scope of sustainability transitions. However, the complex institutional dynamics underpinning 'Regional Transition Paths to Sustainability' (RTPS) are not well understood. In this seminar we will elaborate how a focus on organizational change can help to make visible hidden institutional dynamics in RTPS. Starting from this, we will introduce the method of 'Transition Topology' and illustrate its application possibilities and potentials using different empirical examples.
Presentation of the European project RISIS203/02/2022 François Perruchas - INGENIO [CSIC-UPV]
A presentation of the European project RISIS to which INGENIO participates. RISIS (European Research Infrastructure for Science, technology and Innovation policy Studies) aims at building a data and services infrastructure supporting the development of a new generation of analyses and indicators about Science, Technology and Innovation (STI). It provides 14 datasets about STI, services for data enhancement and analysis (e.g. geocoding, network analysis), and a portal to access and connect these datasets and services.
Exploring the role of interorganizational trust in network tie formation09/12/2021 Dima Yankova - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)
Collaborative knowledge networks represent a core building block of regional innovation systems. They are constantly evolving, driven by a wide range of both endogenous and exogenous mechanisms. A number of empirical studies have signaled that interorganizational trust may be a key determinant of network tie formation, especially during periods of high uncertainty, yet findings remain inconclusive as a result of two limitations.
Innovating but still poor: the challenges of regional development in regions with mature industries26/11/2020 David Barberá / Pedro Marques - INGENIO (CSIC - Universitat Politècnica de València)
The persistence of patterns of decline or stagnation in developed countries has led to a renewed interest in the study of less developed regions. This renewed interest is informed by a variety of approaches, which range from studies on the unequal distribution of economic power and resources to analysis of regional endowments, such as human capital or quality of institutions. However a persistent misconception in some of this literature is that the primary factor explaining levels of development is innovation happening within firms.