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Efforts to co-produce knowledge that can generate beneficial societal impacts depend on sustained interactions and varying modes of cooperation, bringing together different types of actors pursuing diverse objectives. INGENIO studies the growing relevance of cooperative and inclusive practices in research and innovation, the co-creation of knowledge with a particular emphasis on collaborative relationships between academic and non-academic actors, and the importance of transdisciplinary research approaches.

INGENIO will hold the OSIRIS partners meeting which is going to be in Valencia between 21th and 25th of March. This meeting will gather 23 attendees.

The Oslo Institute for Research on the Impact of Science (OSIRIS) is an international research centre that brings together different disciplines relevant for understanding research impact. OSIRI'S perspective is to look at the process of research impact primarily from the user side: How can we characterise the process through which research makes an impact in society?

Pedro Marques, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)'s researcher, has contributed in a report about regional development in Piedmont (Italy), published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Sequencing, bibliometrics and history: a from-below approach to the emergence of human genomics
08/06/2023 Miguel García-Sancho - University of Edinburgh

In this talk, I will explore the development of DNA sequencing as a scientific practice from the mid-1980s onwards. By combining qualitative and quantitative methods, I will show that this practice was organised in a variety of ways and that this variety both extends and qualifies the epic history that the proponents of the Human Genome Project mobilised. One of the points of divergence between our stories is that, in my investigation, the sequencing of human DNA was often connected to medical problems.

Ciencia y literatura ¿dos culturas o productos de una misma cultura? Una mirada histórica
11/05/2023 María Luz López Terrada - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

Este seminario se plantea como una reflexión desde la historia de la ciencia en torno a las distintas formas en que se puede entender la relación y la interacción entre la ciencia y la literatura, dos campos que a menudo se consideran opuestos o antagónicos.

Managerial academia: Understanding the organizational factors shaping researchers' motivations to engage with industry
04/05/2023 Ana María Gómez-Aguayo - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

The academic debate about university-industry engagement often centres on the strategic aspects of these interactions, particularly those related to the benefits associated with knowledge exchange and learning. In a broader sense, it is assumed that these interactions are fundamental to improving science and innovation. However, the core of the innovation system lies in the researcher, specifically in their internal motivation to engage with companies, which can determine the success of the knowledge transfer and outputs.

Crowds and machines: AI as a manager in large-scale science and innovation projects
04/04/2023 Henry Sauermann - ESMT Berlin

Artificial intelligence (AI) can make important contributions to scientific research by performing functional tasks such as reviewing prior literature, classifying digital data, or developing new drug compounds. There is less evidence, however, on the potential of AI as a mechanism to manage human workers who perform such research tasks.

The ambiguous role of science and technology in Marvel superhero comics: From their ‘Golden Age’ to the present-day
23/03/2023 Alessandro Muscio - University of Foggia

Science and Technology (S&T) is a key aspect of superhero comic books. Comics reach a vast audience and are rife with scientific references. They represent a valuable resource for communicating the value of science in popular culture. The Marvel universe has evolved exponentially since its birth in 1939, breaking into the cinema industry and reaching new audiences. However, a glance at some popular Marvel characters raises some concern about the part played by S&T in superhero stories and the debatable effects of S&T on superhero characters.

Who can ‘Test. Test. Test.’? Boundary work around the scaling up of diagnostic testing in spain and the uk during the covid-19 pandemic
02/03/2023 David Barberá-Tomás - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

At the start of the Covid-19 pandemic, countries were encouraged by the World Health Organization to “Test. Test. Test.” This paper compares how healthcare systems in Spain and the UK, simultaneously facing a crisis of similar magnitude, developed diagnostic testing systems that greatly differed in their organizational boundaries. The paper shows how boundary work in each country, influenced by pre-existing institutional logics and established power structures, defined who could provide diagnostic testing during the crisis response - and very importantly - who was excluded.

Human-centred AI Security, Ethics and Privacy
16/02/2023 José M. Such - King’s College London

This talk will have two main parts: 1) risks in AI systems; 2) AI for online safety. In the first part, I will talk about three risks of using AI: security, privacy, and discrimination. I will show that attacks that can be performed to exploit AI models and attack the systems that use them, that AI-based systems can be privacy-intrusive, and that AI-based systems may have biases that may lead to discriminate against particular types of users (e.g. based on gender/ethnicity). I will then outline our current research and projects on making AI safer.

Understanding knowledge production in the twenty-first century
13/02/2023 Jinhyuk Yun - School of AI Convergence, Soongsil University

In this seminar, I will present a summary of my findings regarding the structure of innovation and collaborative knowledge based on two primary datasets, Wikipedia and Scientific papers. The presentation consists of three distinct sections. 1) Understanding the oligopoly of super-editors in collective knowledge [1, 2], 2) locating the silk road of knowledge transfer (or diffusion) in the 21st century utilizing Wikipedia [3, 4], and 3) quantifying team chemistry in scientific collaboration of duos [5].

Arte, ciencia, tecnología, una escisión imposible. La transdisciplinariedad como motor para la innovación del conocimiento
19/01/2023 Raquel Caerols Mateo - Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Las interrelaciones arte, ciencia tecnología no deben ni pueden entenderse como saberes escindidos, pues son la génesis y el fundamento conceptual del nacimiento del pensamiento moderno, el abordaje humanista del conocimiento bebe de ahí, y en la era de lo digital la necesidad de la conformación del saber, su alcance innovador hacer más necesario que nunca la transdisciplinaridad de saberes para construir un mundo sostenible.

Estructura, evolución y financiamiento de la investigación sobre las tecnologías de edición genómica CRISPR
12/01/2023 David Fajardo Ortiz - KU Leuven

Las tecnologías de edición genómica se están desarrollando rápidamente y prometen avances significativos para la biomedicina, la agricultura y otros campos. En un primer estudio, analizamos desde una perspectiva macroscópica el proceso de innovación de seis tecnologías genómicas: vectores virales, RNAi, TALEN, meganucleasas, ZFN y CRISPR/Cas para comprender cómo evolucionó la innovación y qué instituciones influyeron en las trayectorias de investigación.

Diplomacia científica y Guerra Fría en España, 1959-1986 Sesión día 27 de abril
27/04/2022 Oscar J. Martin - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

La diplomacia científica constituye un elemento central de la acción exterior de muchos gobiernos y un instrumento fundamental para abordar los actuales retos globales. Sin embargo, el estudio de esta cuestión carece de una perspectiva histórica que ilumine los factores, contextos y experiencias que han moldeado su desarrollo en el último siglo. Una laguna historiográfica que también se observa en el caso de España durante el crucial periodo del segundo franquismo y de la transición democrática.

Diplomacia científica y Guerra Fría en España, 1959-1986 Sesión día 26 de abril
26/04/2022 Oscar J. Martin - INGENIO (CSIC-UPV)

La diplomacia científica constituye un elemento central de la acción exterior de muchos gobiernos y un instrumento fundamental para abordar los actuales retos globales. Sin embargo, el estudio de esta cuestión carece de una perspectiva histórica que ilumine los factores, contextos y experiencias que han moldeado su desarrollo en el último siglo. Una laguna historiográfica que también se observa en el caso de España durante el crucial periodo del segundo franquismo y de la transición democrática.

“Quantity, Variety, or both? “R&D Worker Flows, Diversity, and effects on Inventive output”
31/03/2022 Isabel M. Bodas Freitas - Grenoble Ecole de Management

The voluntary flow of R&D employees into and out of the organization allows the regeneration of ideas and knowledge within the organization, but it also disrupt the communication and working routines. This study conceptualizes the effect of R&D worker flows on the inventive output of firms, as resulting from the direction (inbound/outbound), the levels, as well as the composition of these flows. Empirically, we use biannual data on French firms involved in R&D activities between 2007 and 2015.

La cultura de prospectiva en las organizaciones
21/03/2022 Lola Elejalde Hernani - Directora de Internacional de Innobasque

La charla versará sobre la necesidad de mirar al futuro que tienen las organizaciones, el proyecto de extensión de la cultura de prospectiva que pusimos en marcha en Innobasque en 2019, sus resultados y las claves para hacer vigilancia y prospectiva.

STS between Centers and Peripheries. How transnational are STS leading journals?
10/03/2022 Noela Invernizzi - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Brasil

In the context of increasing internationalization of the STS (science and technology studies) field, and reflections on post-coloniality and provincialization of STS, we examine to what extent a set of twelve leading journals of the field have published papers from different regions worldwide. In this exploratory work, based on information retrieved from the Web of Science for the period 2010-2019, we often use Latin America as an example, but reflect on peripheral regions of the field more broadly.

Inteligencias múltiples, datos e innovación transformadora
24/09/2021 Mara Balestrini - Inter-American Development Bank Innovation Laboratory

La presentación discutirá cómo se puede aprovechar la combinación de múltiples formas de inteligencia -desde la colectiva hasta la artificial y la de las plantas- para abordar desafíos medioambientales a partir de procesos de ciencia abierta y co-creación de políticas públicas.

Un Planeta de Laboratorios Ciudadanos
18/06/2021 Marcos García - Red de Laboratorios Ciudadanos de la Comunidad de Madrid.

Paul Virilio decía que en algún momento viviríamos un accidente global que afectaría de manera simultánea a todo el planeta. Parece que algo así es lo que estamos viviendo y como suele pasar cuando sucede un desastre, éste nos devuelve a tierra. Es decir, nos hace más conscientes de nuestro entorno. En esta ocasión, de manera simultánea, podemos decir que nos ha hecho más conscientes de nuestro entorno más próximo -hemos conocido a nuestros vecinos de escalera- y al mismo tiempo hemos sentido la interdependencia entre lugares distantes.

La ciencia abierta en transición: ¿domesticación institucional o transformación lenta?
14/05/2021 Mariano Fressoli - Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de Argentina

La creciente adopción de prácticas de ciencia abierta durante la pandemia de COVID-19, parece indicar un momento de creciente aceptación de las formas de colaboración abierta. Mientras UNESCO se prepara para lanzar su Recomendación sobre ciencia abierta, instituciones internacionales y nacionales han comenzado a consolidar sus planes y programas. Pero, con el reconocimento institucional también surgen los riesgos de domesticación de aquellos aspectos más transformadores de la apertura y la colaboración.

Moralizing Discourses of Artificial Intelligence Strategies
24/02/2021 Itziar Castelló - Surrey Business School

European institutions formulating Artificial Intelligence (AI) national strategies  try to square the aspiration to exploit its potential with safeguarding their communities against its perceived ills. We show how national strategies  use discursive strategies to construct a new morally oriented social contract. We point to three main strategies aiming at creating the new meaning of AI outlining its moral domain, stabilizing meaning through identification with AI, and enacting meaning via an emotional tension between fear and hope in AI.

Academic artists’ engagement and commercialisation
21/01/2021 Joaquín María Azagra Caro - Ingenio (CSIC-UPV)

Academic artists are researchers who create artistic work. They form part of the cultural life of cities and contribute to welfare not only trough research but also through art. They may commercialise their art, or use it to engage into scientific knowledge diffusion.